Programme Structure

Core Courses

ECON 7100 Graduate Workshops and Seminars

This course aims at providing students fundamental knowledge on conducting economic research work and applications of economics knowledge in the business sector. By means of lectures, seminars and workshops, the course provides students an understanding of doing research in the areas of Economics. By participating in learning activities such as guest talks/lectures provided by business professionals, industry leaders and government officials, career related workshops/ seminars, and company visits, students will enrich their exposure to current issues in the economy as well as the applications of economic knowledge in the business world.

ECON 7790 Microeconomics *

This course presents the basic concepts and analytical tools of modern microeconomic theory with applications. It covers consumer theory, producer theory, choice under uncertainty, market and competition, strategic behaviors and information economics.

ECON 7800 Macroeconomics *

This course introduces the basic macroeconomic models related to economic growth, economic fluctuations, inflation, and monetary policies. The main focus of the course is to train students on applying the relevant macroeconomic models to analyze contemporary macroeconomic issues. In each selected topic, students will learn not only the theory of the model but also the real-world applications of the model. With the building of knowledge on both qualitative and quantitative macroeconomics, students are equipped with tools needed for understanding and conducting macroeconomic policy analysis.

ECON 7810 Econometric for Economic Analysis

This course aims at covering graduate level applied econometric techniques to quantitatively solve empirical economic problems. In addition to the classical linear regression model, hypothesis testing and problems of non-spherical disturbances, more advanced topics are also considered. Students will be trained to formulate econometric models and to identify the causal relationships between economic variables using computer software. The emphasis is upon the interpretation and testing of results from different econometric estimation procedures. Students will also be provided with practical experience of applying these techniques to quantitatively solve empirical problems that arise in economics and business.

ECON 7820 Advanced Microeconomics

This course educates students advanced treatments of microeconomics by emphasising more rigorous proofs. Students will investigate the optimisation behaviour of individual agents as well as resource allocation in a decentralised economy. Uncertainty and strategic behaviours will be introduced in this course, too.

ECON 7830 Advanced Macroeconomics

The course introduces students to important topics in macroeconomics, including growth theories, business cycles, New Keynesian theories, and recent development in macroeconomics. Theoretical aspects and empirical aspects will both be discussed in the course, although the emphasis is on the theoretical models. The theoretical models offer qualitative insights into the working of the economy, and the empirical aspect reveals the relevancy of each theoretical model to different issues and contexts. With the building of knowledge on both qualitative and quantitative macroeconomics, students are equipped with coherent tools needed for understanding and conducting macroeconomic analysis.

* Can be replaced by Advanced Microeconomics and Advanced Macroeconomics respectively


Elective Courses

The elective courses offered will depend upon available resources and manpower while the class size is subject to quota available.

ECON 7025 Business Economics Internship

This course aims to provide students an opportunity to gain real-life working experience related to the various business activities associated with an economic organization. Under the guidance of both faculty and workplace supervisors, students will work in an organization as interns and complete work assignments. The internship assignment is expected to take up no less than 120 hours to complete, and it may or may not be paid.

ECON 7110 Advanced Econometrics

The goal of the course is to equip students with advanced econometric techniques and help them to develop thinking about causal inference in the econometric sense. The emphasis is on mastering the properties and the applications of the econometric models introduced. Students completed this course should be able to conduct sophisticated empirical research.

ECON 7210 International Trade

This course aims to provide an up-to-date and understandable analytical framework for illustrating current events of international trade. Classical as well as modern theories of international trade, trade policy and international economic integration will be introduced. Topics in international economics with an emphasis on current issues like globalisation, financial crisis, regionalism, will then be studied.

ECON 7220 International Finance

This course provides students with fundamental international finance concepts and applied techniques to international financial management and investment. This course focuses on the foreign exchange markets and international capital markets, and analyses how international firms make financial decisions of foreign investment, and measure foreign exchange risk in the present global financial environment. The course is organised in three parts: (1) introducing important international macroeconomic concepts relevant for the current financial environment; (2) describing the foreign exchange rate market, the exchange rate determinations with its theoretical analysis and forecasting, and the foreign exchange risk and its management; (3) evaluating international portfolio investment strategies and foreign exchange risk management.

ECON 7230 Monetary Economics

This course discusses the impacts of money demand and money supply, and therefore monetary policies on output, employment, and inflation. The role of central bank and its interaction with firms and workers, more specifically, how it should carry out monetary policies in face of the rational expectations of these economic agents in the private sector, will be evaluated. In addition, under the rapid globalisation, impacts of one country’s monetary policy on exchange rates and other country’s economies will also be studied. After taking this course, students are expected to be able to explain different phenomenon of the macro-economy and make forecasts about the basic macro-economic trends.

ECON 7240 Economic Development and Growth

The aim of this course is to examine the driving forces and mechanisms of economic development and growth. We will explain and discuss economic models and perspectives on development and growth, go through the empirical findings on the issues and assess the difference and growth potentials across countries.

ECON 7250 Financial Economics

This course provides an introduction to financial economics. The topics include an introduction of capital markets, consumption and investment, capital budgeting, the theory of choice, valuation of securities, portfolio analysis, bond analysis, options and futures markets, international financial management, and efficient capital markets. It will also provide students with knowledge and skills in applications of modern finance theory to risk management and other issues in economics and financial markets. Applications of the theory are emphasized throughout the course.

ECON 7260 Economic Analysis of the Firm

This course introduces theories that explain the sizes, scopes, internal structures, and the kinds of contractual relations that characterise business firms. Issues addressed include: why firms exist, how firms are established, and what contributions firms make to the economy. The course provides innovative models of economic equilibrium that endogenously determine the structure and function of economic institutions. The role of an entrepreneur as a decision maker is analysed in details. In addition to the role of a producer, the firm as an intermediary and as a market maker is also discussed.

ECON 7270 Topics in Microeconomics

This course aims at bringing current development of microeconomics to students. The topics may vary from year to year, depending on the research and teaching interest of instructors. Two to four topics will be covered thoroughly in one semester.

ECON 7280 Topics in Macroeconomics

This course educates students in knowing the latest development of macroeconomics. The topics may vary from year to year, depending on the research and teaching interest of instructors. Some examples of topics are (i) how macroeconomic theories can be applied to understand the complex functioning of a modern market economy, (ii) why fluctuations in aggregate economic activity and sometimes crisis may occur in an economy and (iii) how government policies may be used to stabilize the functioning of an economy. Current macroeconomics issues will be discussed, for examples, the causes and remedies of (1) the global financial crisis in 2008, (2) the European sovereign debt crisis and (3) the long-term stagnation in Japan.

ECON 7310 Economic Institutions in China

This course studies key economic institutions of China that have emerged in the course of transition from a planned to a market economy. These institutions are not necessarily the first-best choices from the perspective of conventional theories of market economy, but they might overcome some typical institutional weaknesses of transitional economies. They include the double-track pricing and allocation system, local government ownership of firms, fiscal decentralisation and yardstick competition among different regional jurisdictions, etc.. Drawing on the major contributions in the economics literature, the costs and benefits of adopting these institutions by China will be analysed.

ECON 7320 Public Finance and Monetary Economics in China

This course aims at providing an in-depth understanding of the functions and the performance of China’s fiscal, monetary and exchange rate systems, as well as their impact on the economy. After explaining major trends in those changing regimes, their developments in the post-1994 and post-2001 periods are analysed, using theoretical models and econometric techniques to tackle critical issues.

Regarding the fiscal system, the course emphasises topics such as central-local intergovernmental relations, the transition from contracts to tax assignment, and the impact of patterns of taxation and public expenditure on macroeconomic developments and income distribution, amongst others. Sterilisation operations for a semi-open monetary regime and increasing flexibility of the exchange rate form the foci for discussion of the challenges facing the People’s Bank of China, on top of the reforms of monetary tools and capital account liberalisation.

The reactions and effectiveness of China’s fiscal-monetary mix in alleviating the adverse consequences of the global economic crisis which began to unfold from the fourth quarter of 2008 are to be reviewed. The course ends by an investigation of the evolving financial relations between the Mainland and Hong Kong.

ECON 7330 Foreign Economic Policies of China

This course discusses the foreign economic relations of China with the rest of the world and the foreign economic policies of China. It explores how and why China integrates its economy with the world economy, major conflicts with other countries, and how some of the conflicts were resolved or minimised. Topics covered include China’s trade with other countries, accession to the World Trade Organization, currency policy, and free trade areas. Also covered are the relations between economic growth and foreign economic policies and the relations between domestic policies and foreign policies. Students can learn from this course not only how a developing country like China can benefit from foreign trade but also the major conflicts China has with other countries.

ECON 7340 Productivity Analysis of the Chinese Economy

This course is an interdisciplinary field of economics, management science, mathematics and econometrics. It aims at applying advanced production theory and quantitative techniques for performance gauging in multi-input, multi-output organisations. The productivity of individual enterprises as well as the whole economy is the focus. Students will obtain hands-on experience such as evaluating the efficiency losses of firms in various industries and the welfare losses of regional fragmentations. The productivity growth of the Chinese economy before and after the economic reform will also be studied.

ECON 7350 Corporate Finance and Governance in China

This course is designed to introduce the financial and corporate governance environment in China. The first part explains the models of corporate finance and governance. The second part provides theoretical as well as empirical framework for the analysis of corporate finance and governance in China. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to have basic understanding on the characteristics of corporate finance and corporate governance in China; and to be able to evaluate policies and potential challenges on the financial markets and corporate governance in China.

ECON 7410 Development and Policies of Hong Kong’s Major Economic Sectors

The course aims at providing students with a theoretical and systematic understanding of the latest development and public policies of Hong Kong’s major economic sectors. These activities would include banking & finance, property & construction, industry, telecommunications, aviation & logistics, tourism, public utilities and the government sector. Policy reactions under the recent financial crisis and economic downturn will be analysed. Their impacts on Hong Kong’s economic restructuring will be examined. Focus would also be placed on Hong Kong’s economic integration with the Pearl River Delta and relevant policy issues. Special emphasis will be given to the usage of empirical analysis to evaluate the impact of economic policies.

ECON 7420 Applied Time Series Analysis and Forecasting

This course aims to introduce methods for time-series analysis, modeling and forecasting with computing application, and interpretation. The major time series models such as time trend, cycle and seasonal modeling, smoothing, stationary and unit roots tests, causality analysis, distributed lag model, Box-Jenkins ARIMA model, dummy dependent model, vector autoregression (VAR) and error correction (ER) model, ARCH and GARCH model, etc. The course shows how to apply these techniques to real-life data and to develop forecasting models for economic, business and finance applications. Computing is an integral part of this course.

ECON 7430 Applied Cost-Benefit Analysis

This course educates students in applied cost-benefit analysis of: (a) private investment, (b) public investment, (c) business strategy, and (d) government policy, with a primary focus of applying economic reasoning and writing/presentation skills to deliver practical information for decision making in a complicated business world.

ECON 7440 Applied Economics Research Paper

This course aims at training students to apply the knowledge and skills developed in the taught courses of the programme to put together an original and analytical piece of research. It is a complement of classroom learning and seeks to encourage critical thinking and informed judgement. Each student of this course must write a research paper independently under the supervision of a faculty member. The research paper would normally entail the use of empirical methods such as data analysis or econometrics.

This course is offered in the Summer term only and open to students with GPA not less than 3.5 in the first semester. During the second semester, students who plan to take this course choose a research topic and produce a proposal. An academic supervisor is then allocated on the basis of each chosen topic.

ECON 7450 Energy Economics

This course educates students in (a) interactions among energy, economy, and environment; (b) energy market organisation, regulation and deregulation; (c) energy demand, pricing, investment, supply and costs; (d) energy efficiency, conservation and demand management; and (e) risk management, energy security, emissions control, and renewable energy development.

ECON 7460 Banking and Capital Markets

Investment banks and credit rating agencies play a very important role in the global financial markets and commercial real estate sector. The increasing publicity associated with these two industries, and the vast career opportunities offered by them, call for a need to more thoroughly understand what investment banks and credit agencies do and the function they perform in the financial markets and real estate sector.

ECON 7470 Environmental Economics

Environmental economics is the study of how the economy affects the environment (the recession has caused a dip in greenhouse gas emissions), how the environment affects the economy (temperature increases adversely affects the skiing industry), and the appropriate way to regulate economic activities so as to achieve an optimal balance between environmental and economic goals (which is the best way to regulate carbon emissions, a cap-and-trade scheme or an emission tax?).

ECON 7480 Industrial Organization

This course provides an in-depth analysis of the theory of Industrial Organization. Students will be introduced to the theory of the firm, including the determinants of market structure, firms’ pricing decision under different market structure and its related welfare implications and other business strategic decisions (product differentiation, advertising, research and development). Government regulations and competition policy will also be discussed.

ECON 7490 Business Economics Field Study

This course aims at providing student overseas exposure to understanding and examining economic or/and business environment. The site visit at the chosen location(s) lasts up to 3 weeks.

With respect to the location(s) of the field trip, students are required to do the groundwork regarding the economic and business situation before setting off. During the field trip, by means of company/institution visits, seminars and workshops, and talks by professionals, students would have a thorough understanding of particular industrial/business sectors or/and an overall view of the economy. After the field trip, students work as a group in performing economic analyses based on the overseas exposure provided. Course instructor(s) will provide feedbacks on the presentation of the report submitted by the students.

ECON 7640 Economics of Digital Currencies

This course introduces the frontier of economic studies in digital currencies. It covers a variety of topics, including (i) cryptography and blockchain, (ii) cryptocurrencies and smart contracts, (iii) tokens and platforms, and (iv) central bank digital currencies. Economic principles would be used to analyse regulations of digital currencies. It also examines how the role of central banks and monetary policies evolve with the development of central bank digital currencies.

ECON 7780 Economic and Financial Risk Management for Financial Institutions

This course introduces fundamental concepts of risk management for financial institutions. It focuses on the measurement and management of risks that financial institutions encounter, including market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, and operational risk. It evaluates and applies different tools and procedures, comprising quantitative measures, qualitative assessment, and enterprise risk management, to measure and manage risk. Problems and challenges that can arise in the risk management process are also addressed.

ECON 7840 Big Data Analytics for Business

This course aims at introducing a set of fundamental principles of data science that underlie techniques for extracting useful knowledge from data for solving business problems. It introduces several major data mining techniques such as decision tree, support vector machine, nearest-neighbor search and clustering. The evaluation methods including cross-validation and ROC Curve will also be covered.

ECON 7850 Economics of Digital Markets

This course analyzes the economics behind the digital economy. The course examines a variety of topics, including (i) pricing and demand for digital goods, (ii) two-sided markets and platform competition, (iii) network effects and standard, (iii) online reputation mechanisms, (iv) digital payment systems and virtual currencies, (v) digitization and innovation, and (vi) economics of artificial intelligence. Economic theories, especially those from information economics, would be used to analyze and explain phenomena observed in the digital economy.